History of Educational Supervision 3. • Identify common mistakes made by supervisors while delegating. Concept of Supervision (source:www.referenceforbusiness.com) Role of a Supervisor. Supervision is essentially the practice of monitoring the performance The purpose of professional supervision gives the opportunity for employer and worker to come together to reflect on work practise and reflect and evaluate their work through discussion, report and observation. of secondary education as a veritable tool for quality assurance. Literatures were reviewed regarding educational supervision, purpose and principles of educational supervision. • … Clinical Supervision as a Key for Effective Teaching and Learning in Enugu State of Nigeria Secondary ... of the appropriate instructional expectations of education system. Supervision is a process in which a worker is given responsibility to work with another to meet organisation, professional activities. In the absence of supervision, the subordinates, and … First, there is the Supervision is concerned with school problems improvement as well as that of the whole teaching-learning situation. Effective Supervision Cognitive Lesson Objective: • Comprehend the concept of effective supervision. The development of supervision is Changing Concepts Affect Supervision FAITH SMITTER The school, too, has its human relations problems. What is supervision? theoretical concepts, supervision in therapy began to develop its own unique identity. The standards comprehensively cover both the culture and the process of supervision in the context of Philippine Education. (Lee 2007). Concept of Supervision Supervision is a way of stimulating, guiding, improving, refreshing and encouraging and overseeing certain group with the hope of seeking their cooperation in order for the supervisors to be successful in their task of supervision. education and effective school administration of basic education schools in Nigeria. This paper proposes that there are two key influences on the supervisors’ approach to supervision: firstly their concept of research supervision and secondly their own experience as a doctoral student. First, as with any initiative in education, effective teacher supervision and evaluation starts with school leadership. • Identify tasks that shouldn’t be delegated. This paper examines the following aspects of educational supervisions, with particular reference to Oyo State: 1. Concept of Educational Supervision 2. supervision, which is a co-operative problem-solving process a crucial concept in the professional development of teachers (Hismanoglu and Hismanoglu, 2010). Journal of Education and Practice www.iiste.org ISSN 2222-1735 (Paper) ISSN 2222-288X (Online) Vol.7, No.9, 2016 47 The Effectiveness of Academic Supervision for Teachers Patris Rahabav Dosen ... concepts and theories of supervision, engineering supervision and supervision of … Supervision of instruction must be built on the observer's thorough understanding and in-depth knowledge of instructional theory, not on a check list of what should be in a lesson. Supervision is a process of facilitating the professional growth of a teacher, primarily by giving the teacher feedback about classroom interactions and helping the teacher make use of the feedback in order to make teaching more effective. Although it was recommended at the time of creation of the specialist training, clinical and educational supervision often went hand-in-hand and the terms have … A degree program in educational administration and supervision trains students in the skills necessary to assume administrative and supervisory roles in a variety of educational institutions. Some of ... has not been apparent in education alone but in industry and business as well. Students need proper guidance and proper supervision so that they pay due attention to their studies. Supervision by a competent teacher is very necessary to make the teaching process a success. (E ye, Netzer and Krey, 1971:30 cited in Peretomode (2 004:192). Clinical supervision is used in many disciplines in the British National Health Service.Registered allied health professionals such as occupational therapists, physiotherapists, dieticians, speech and language therapists and art, music and drama therapists are now expected to have regular clinical supervision. concepts that this paper proposes map on to their work and add a new dimension that of ‘developing a relationship’. There are at least three problems with directive supervision. b. plan and implement professional development programs. by Robert J. Marzano, Tony Frontier and David Livingston. A Brief History of Supervision and Evaluation. Learn more. Educational Supervision 1. Before providing the specific suggestions for the initiatives described in Chapter 1, it is useful to consider the history of teacher supervision and evaluation in the United States. c. evaluate employees for additional or advanced job responsibilities. “…The cornerstone of effective supervision is caring and progressively collaborative This supervision concept is being used to make sure the institution is according the flow of the objective of the TVET teacher and trainer development which is: 1. ... District Education Officers, Deputy District Education officers working in primary schools of Rawalpindi District were the population of the study. Education administration and supervision are now regarded as a total process inclusive of all responsibilities and functions necessary for running the schools. In order for educational institutions to achieve their goals, a mechanism for continuous The Concept of Instructional Supervision Instructional supervision is that phase of school administration which focuses primarily upon the achievement of the appropriate expectations of educational system. The questionnaire was developed, validated by the experts and pilot tested. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. Concept of Supervision and Supervisory Practices at Primary Level in Pakistan. It is important to note that educational supervision (as distinct from clinical supervision) is a relatively new concept. Chapter 2. The concepts of “supervision” and “inspection” have been changed frequently in Ethiopian education system and the reason was not clearly pedagogical (Haileselassie, 2001). No single theory or model is inherently better than another; contingency theory states that the best management model for a particular workforce depends on … Models of supervision 1-Directive supervision In Directive supervision the role of the supervisor is to direct and inform the teacher, model teaching behaviours, and evaluate the teacher’s mastery of defined behaviors. United Kingdom. Gathering Data Three main sources of information help identify a teacher's competency on the four SB 813 criteria. Ogunsaju (1983). Managers employ different supervision models and theories to maximize the productivity and efficiency of their work teams. Table of Contents. U.S. Department of Education Office of Special Education Programs Building the Legacy: IDEA 2004 2 Concepts of General Supervision Accountability for Implementation & The 1970s saw a further shift away from a counselling conceptualisation of supervision to one that focused more on supervision as ‘an educational process’ with social roles models that focused on practice (Carroll, 2007: 34). THE CONCEPTS OF EDUCATION PLANNING AND SUPERVISION INTRODUCTION I read with interest the article by Lloyd and Becker on paediatric views of educational supervision and supervisors. The concept modern supervision is based on the assumption that education is a creative and co-operative enterprise in which all teachers, pupils, parents and administrators participate and supervisors are their academic leaders who stimulate, guide and advice them … This can be achieved by the supervisor clearly defining goals for the teachers and facilitating opportunities for the teachers to learn about local, state, and federal requirements. Considering the competence profile and framework that may be appropriate for TVET teachers and trainers. The paper further discusses techniques and challenges of supervision as well as principals’ supervisory roles for quality education. Standards for instructional Supervision will serve as a guide to the entire developmental process of supervision, the instructional leaders and the teacher who will get the support. Many in the field have called for various models that can bridge the Supervision also provides help to the organization by putting the plans into action towards the accomplishment of organizational goals. supervision in Nigeria’s educational programme tend to reflect the importance of supervision in the education enterprise. Effective Supervision. Also, they state the app lication of clinical supervision will be useful for education (S2, S3, S13, S16, S27, and S30). Many scholars in the field of supervision have given different models of supervision, but there is no evidence to support that any one model of supervision is superior to other. differentiated supervision which shall be provided in the context of a supervisory model best suited for an individual’s professional development needs: ... and the Pennsylvania Department of Education. It highlights the problem of educational supervision not only among paediatric, but perhaps across the whole of spectrum of postgraduate training. 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concept of supervision in education

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